Psychology 2210

Updated Nov 11 , 2018

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Instructor: Dr. Ines Segert
E-mail: (Best way to reach me)
Office: 26 Mc Alester Hall
Segert Office Hours By Appt
T.A. Tara Nguyen
TA E-mail & Office Hours

By Appt.


Required Text: Brain & Behavior, 5th Ed. (2018)

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Three exams 135 points each
Total 405 points

Exam Dates: Sept 25; Oct 25; Dec 6. All given in class

Course Description: Neuroscience is a relatively new field which believes that the best way to understand human behavior, emotions, and thought is by understanding the workings of the brain. Neuroscience can be seen as a direct descendant of philosophy, albeit one with more precise, measurable, and falsifiable goals and techniques.

A major premise of neuroscience is that the mind and body are not separate, independent entities, but that they are interdependent. This belief is summed up in the aphorism "The mind is what the brain does." Thus, by deconstructing the nuts and bolts of brain function, we can gain information about such complex phenomena ranging from memory, consciousness, self-image, to sexual attraction, religiousity, and self-will.

This field is one where major discoveries are made almost daily and information presented in a text are soon outdated. Because of the rapid pace of change, I prefer to be flexible about the schedule of topics so as to include new research as much as possible.

Attendance and Participation: You should plan to attend every class and participate in class discusssions. Note that it will will harder to get a top grade if you do not attend regularly since test material comes primarily from lectures and class discussions If you do have to miss a lecture, make sure to get a copy of the notes from someone who is a conscientious note-taker. It is my policy not to provide missed notes. Lists of terms for each lecture, along with review for each exam, are aviailable on the course website.

Although I don't take attendance, I do give several in-class quizzes for extra credit throughout the semester . These are given at random dates and are intended to prepare you for the exams. You must be in class in order to be get these points. There are no make-ups, since there are multiple opportunities throughout the semester, and the points are extra credit.

Laptop Policy: I encourage you to take notes without using your laptop. Although you may have the best intentions, laptops ultimately make it very easy to distract yourself and others. Recent studies also indicate that laptop use for note-taking, even without checking facebook, etc, results in worse performance on the exams. You may think you can multi-task, but again, evidence indicates that attempts to multi-task come with a cost in terms of attention and learning.  

Intellectual Property Notice & Electronic/Digital Recording. Lectures may NOT be recorded on video or cell phones. You may NOT take pictures during class. That is, you may not take pictures of the lecture slides, your classmates, your TA, and/or your professor during class. MU faculty lectures are protected by state common law and federal copyright law. Course materials prepared by the instructor, including but not limited to the syllabus, course assignments, study guides, review sessions, online lecture videos and content, and lab book (i.e. course pack) are property of the instructor and may not be shared online or distributed in any manner to others.)

Therefore, you may NOT upload these materials to online sites (e.g., Course Hero, Study Blue) or from sell notes to or get paid for taking notes by any person or commercial firm without the express written permission of the professor teaching this course. Doing so will constitute both an academic integrity violation and a copyright violation.

Violations of copyright laws could subject you to civil penalties and criminal liability. Violations of academic integrity may subject you to disciplinary action under University policiesVideo and audio recording of lectures and review sessions without the consent of the instructor is prohibited. University of Missouri System Executive Order No. 38 lays out principles regarding the sanctity of classroom discussions at the university. The policy is described fully in Section 200.015 of the Collected Rules and Regulations. In this class, students may not make audio or video recordings of course activity, except students permitted to record as an accommodation under Section 240.040 of the Collected Rules. All other students who record and/or distribute audio or video recordings and photographs of class activity are subject to discipline in accordance with provisions of Section 200.020 of the Collected Rules and Regulations of the University of Missouri pertaining to student conduct matters.

Those students who are permitted to record are not permitted to redistribute audio or video recordings of statements or comments from the course to individuals who are not students in the course without the express permission of the faculty member and of any students who are recorded. Students found to have violated this policy are subject to discipline in accordance with provisions of Section 200.020 of the Collected Rules and Regulations of the University of Missouri pertaining to student conduct matters.

Basic Classroom Guidelines:

Teaching Assistant: Tara Nguyen is our Teaching Assistant. She can answer any questions you may have during heroffice hour. Note that Tara is not here to provide you with missed lecture notes. It is your responsibility to come to class and take notes.

Text: The required text for the class is Brain & Behavior, 5th Edition, by Bob Garret.The book provides an up to date introduction to the field. Do not worry if you have little or no background in the area; this course assumes none. In addition to the text, I may post journal articles on our syllabus. Most will be supplemental, but material from those designated as "required" will be on the tests.

Examinations: There will be 3 examinations given. Material will come from both the lecture (primarily) and assigned text/articles. Exams will be made up of multiple choice and T/F questions. Exams will be held during class period on the dates specified in the class schedule below. Each exam is worth 33% of your final grade, and exams are not cumulative. THERE IS NO FINAL DURING EXAM PERIOD!!!!

Make-up Policy: Students who are unable to take one of the exams for approved excuses are responsible for informing the our TA or me before the date of the exam. Approved excuses include the following: (a) the exam overlaps with participation in a University sanctioned athletic or academic event, (b) the student has a serious medical condition, or (c) the student has a death in the immediate family. The following are NOT legitimate reasons to miss an exam: personal travel, such as vacations, weddings, or graduations; work schedules; court appearances; university events that are not sanctioned athletic or academic events, such as fraternity and sorority events, intramural sports or club activities

No makeup exams will be given without approval from Dr. Segert, and documentation is required. Approved students will take a short-Answer make-up during finals week. Please note that make-up exams are comprised of essay questions instead of all multiple-choice questions given in class exams. Although the format is different, the material covered is the same.


Final grades are based on the number of points earned from exams (and from extra credit)/405, and letter grades are determined as follows:



Grading Scale:

Letter Grade

Total Cumulative Points




93-<98 %























Rounding policy: Final Grades are determined by the points you earn in the class, and there is no rounding. It is to your advantage to study and prepare throughout the semester, so you are not in the position of missing the next higher grade by half a point or two at the end of the semester.

Note: I will not respond to emails asking me to adjust or add points to your grade.  Exam scores are adjusted when necessary; such adjustments are made immediately after each exam and applied to all students taking that exam.  No other grade adjustments are made. 

Academic Honesty
Academic integrity is fundamental to the activities and principles of a university.  All members of the academic community must be confident that each person's work has been responsibly and honorably acquired, developed, and presented.  Any effort to gain an advantage not given to all students is dishonest whether or not the effort is successful.  The academic community regards breaches of the academic integrity rules as extremely serious matters.  Sanctions for such a breach may include academic sanctions from the instructor, including failing the course for any violation, to disciplinary sanctions ranging from probation to expulsion.  When in doubt about plagiarism, paraphrasing, quoting, collaboration, or any other form of cheating, consult the course instructor.

In this course, cheating, or the appearance of it, will result in an automatic zero on that exam.  Such actions include, but are not limited to: displaying a test for others to see, looking at another person's test paper, attempting to communicate in any manner with another student during the test, using notes or text during the exams.  In addition, any incident of suspected cheating will be reported to the provost’s office.

Accommodations For Students With Disabilities
If you anticipate barriers related to the format or requirements of this course, if you have emergency medical information to share with me, or if you need to make arrangements in case the building must be evacuated, please let me know as soon as possible.

If disability-related accommodations are necessary (for example, a note taker, extended time on exams), please register with the Office of Disability Services (, S5 Memorial Union, 573-882-4696, and then notify me of your eligibility for reasonable accommodations.  For other MU resources for students with disabilities, click on "Disability Resources" on the MU homepage.

Note-Taker Opportunity. Are you looking for something to put on your resume while doing something for your peers? Are you looking for something that will assist in your accountability in going to class and taking good notes? Become a Notetaker for the Disability Center! Visit the Disability Center’s webpage and click the “Notetaker Sign-In” button to fill out the form for notetakers. You can review the link for additional information or call 573-882-4696. At the end of the semester, you could be eligible for $100 and can indicate the work on your resume!

PLEASE NOTE: This class may not be taken for credit if you have already taken or are currently enrolled in Psych 4210 .

Class Schedule and Assignments

Date Topic Assignment


Article: Creating a False Memory

Article: Erasing a Fear Memory


Introduction to Brain & Behavior: Historical Background

Discovering Motor Cortex

Turning Memories On & Off

Recommended Further Reading:

Mirror Box

Capgras Review Article

Chapter 1

List of Terms

8/28 & 8/30


Introducing the Brain: Basic Anatomy

Gender Differences in Brain Structure

Einstein's Brain

DBS surgery: Brain Surgery

Step by Step Brain Surgery video

Chap 2: p 21-23; p29-30

Chapter 3: p 49-61

List of Terms

Anatomy Figures



NO CLASS- but watch assigned video

Secrets of the Mind Transcript

Link to video

Anatomy, con't

Chapter 3: 49-61


Signaling: Resting Membrane potential

Primer on Signaling

Chap 2: p 24-29

Signaling Figures

9/13 & 9/18

Signaling: Action Potential; Post-synaptic Potentials

Synaptic Transmission:


Chap 2: p 31-42




Catch up & Review

Study Guide Exam 1


Exam 1

Exam is given during regular class time

Drugs & Neurotransmission



Chap 5: p142-153

List of Terms







Drugs & Behavior: MDMA & Hallucinogens

Carhart-Harrois, et al : Effects of MDMA in the Brain

Mithoefer, et al: MDMA for PTSD

Psilocybin for Anxiety/Depression

List of Terms

Video: TED Talk Psilocybin in Therapy


Methods: Measuring Electrical activity

Related Articles:

Hippocampal Recording in Humans

Neuronal Recording in Humans

Methods: Imaging and Experimental Techniques

Nature Op-Ed: Reading Minds

Video Clip: Deep Brain Stimulation

Nature Op-Ed: How to validate fMRI results


Chap 4: p 99-111


Updated List of Terms

Video: Using Thoughts to treat Paralysis



Biological Influences on Sexual Behavior

2016 Review Article: Sexual Orientation

Sexual Differentition & Development

Chap 7: p 207-225

List of Terms


Sexual Orientation: Theories

Effect of Prenatal Hormones on Sexual Behavior & Brain Structures

Finger Length & Orientation



Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

Fraternal Birth Order


Catch-Up and Review

Study Guide Exam 2

Article: Anatomy does not determine gender

Article: Male Homosexuality & Maternal Antibodies


Exam 2


Gender Differences in Cognition


Self-Regulation, Cognitive Control, and Technology: The New Marshmallow Test

Chap 7: p 202-203




Self-Regulation, con't

Article: Jonides, Neural Correlates of Delay of Gratification

Multi-Media and Attention

Required Article: Nass, Cognitive Control in Multi-taskers

Required Article: Poldrack, Modulation of competing memory systems by distraction

Recommended Article: Saldai, Laptops & Distraction

PEW Internet Use Survey

Colbert: Head in Clouds

List of Terms

Chap 12: p 345-346; p 351-353


Multi-Media and Attention, con't

List of Terms

Video: Cliff Nass Multitasking



Emotions: Definition, Measurement

Emotion: Theories

Chap 8: p 211-220

Kassam, et al: Identifying emotions by brain activation

List of Terms

List of Terms



Emotion: anatomy


List of Terms

Articles discussed in class:

Tranel Article: Panic in Patients with Amygdala Damage

Sanfey Article: Insula and Disgust







Consequences of Lack of Emotion:

Moral Decision Making



Raine Article: Moral decison-making in Psychopathy


Link to Adrian Raine Talk

Denver Post Article: Donte Page Murder Case & Adrian Raine


Psychopaths vs. Altruists

Raine Article: Poor Fear Conditioning Predicts Adult Criminality


Catch-Up and Review

Study Guide Exam 3



Exam 3











Lie Detection

Langleben: GKT fMRI Detection

Rosenfeld: P300 "Brain fingerprinting"